Information

Atlas of Pheasants: Noble Pheasant Lophura ignita nobilis

Atlas of Pheasants: Noble Pheasant Lophura ignita nobilis

Classification and distribution - Noble Pheasant

Kingdom: Animals
Phylum: Cordati
Subphylum: Vertebrates
Class: Birds
Order: Galliformi
Family: Phasianides
Genus: Lophura
Species: L. ignita nobilis

It is a showy bird, on average widespread in captivity, native to the tropical jungles of Borneo.

Distinctive characters

The male is very colorful: his head is adorned with a tuft of black feathers, on the sides of the face he has two showy blue leather caruncles surrounding the red eyes, the body is metallic blue, with black breast, reddish-brown belly, rump and red backs and havana-yellow tail, legs with strong spurs are light red; the female, also provided with a tuft (brown) and a blue face mask, is light brown on the upper part of the body while darker and flecked with black and white on the lower part, the legs are gray. 2 subspecies belong to this species: the Viellot pheasant and the Delacour pheasant. In the Viellot pheasant (Lophura ignita rufa), endemic to Thailand, the male has a metallic blue plumage with a chest and belly black flecked with white and white feathers on the tail, the female is identical to the female of the noble but lighter pheasant. The Delacour pheasant (Lophura ignita macartneyi), a very rare native of Sumatra, has an intermediate coloring between the 2 previously described species, as the male has the blue breast and white tail of the Viellot pheasant and the reddish belly of the Noble pheasant, so much so that to inexperienced eyes it may seem like a hybrid between the two species, but it is smaller in size and the color is less shiny overall, the female is dark brown but does not have a tuft on the head. In these species the two sexes complete the plumage in the first year, but reach sexual maturity in the third year of life, although often the females begin to lay, few eggs already in the second year.

Male of Pheasant Noble (photo www.backyardchickens.com)

Behavior

These species of pheasants are shy in captivity, they never completely trust the breeder, they are often brutal with females; their feeding is not particularly complicated and a good mixture of grains, specific feeds for pheasants, quickly integrated, vegetables and insects are enough; they fear the cold and sudden changes in temperature as they are tropical species and if raised in freezing places their aviary must be protected with sheets or artificially heated.

Reproduction: March / May
Hatching: 24 days
Number of eggs: 13 20
Cohabitation: monogamy

Noble Pheasant female (photo Martin AntoŇ° www.biolib.cz)

Pair of Viellot pheasants (photo www.backyardchickens.com)


Delacour male pheasant (photo www.arkive.org)

Thanks to Pasquale DAncicco


Video: Pheasants, Winged Guardians of the Himalayas (January 2022).